Is Using Modern Technology To Create An Artwork A Hoax?

Does the method matter?

Is the way of creating a picture really more important than what we create?

Throughout history, art has always reflected the culture of the period in which it was created. This is manifested in many of its forms. It is constantly evolving, incorporating everything that the artist needs to reflect reality.
Our society now has the most advanced technologies, if not the same as on distant extraterrestrial civilizations, then at least it is much better than the technologies of previous generations on our earth. I thought, what if Leonardo da Vinci would have been alive now, and lived during the development of technology. Can you imagine what he could create? The ingenious inventor used modern technology and, undoubtedly, would have made Pixar afraid for his capital. Damn, he would probably own a Pixar.

I have been working as an artist for two decades, but so far I have not called myself “professional”. Even though my work is ordered and my textbooks have been published for many years. When in my youth I studied traditional drawing, my favorite tools were pencils, pastels, watercolors, and acrylics. But then I completely switched to digital.
The main reason for this transition is creating a family and moving to a small house. With digital painting tools, you don’t need a huge studio space to work with. All you need is a tablet (or mouse) and a computer.

There is no paint, water or white spirit, no easels, no long-drying paintings on canvas while you are busy with lunch, busy with household chores or spending time with your children. There is no extra mess in which you can just drown. And whenever you need to urgently leave work, you can just click “save” and now you can safely do other things without worrying that the child might accidentally drop an easel.
When I almost completely switched to digital art, I began to notice a kind of hostility towards it. And the biggest haters, as a rule, are other artists who work by traditional means. I could never understand why. Are digital artists considered posers since they don’t work with real paints or charcoal? Or do traditional artists simply feel threatened and afraid that their art form will ultimately suffer the same fate as film cameras, printed photographs?

Whatever the reason, digital art is considered less meaningful and interesting. In fact, some galleries do not want to mess with digital art. This art exists as a simple file, at least until it is printed. And how can you be sure that the picture will remain the only one in an era when the use of files is commonplace? In addition, they say that digital art is worse than traditional. For some reason, many are convinced that the use of technology makes art less art, and mainly because drawing on a computer is considered simple.

“Why is it so expensive if the computer does everything for you?”

A common misconception about digital art: “The computer does all the work.”

People often think that the artist presses a couple of buttons and the computer magically creates a masterpiece, without any effort on the part of the artist. After this line of thinking, your work should be priced much cheaper than traditional art. This is obviously: the price is underestimated since the computer did all the work, right?

For example, I recently donated money for a charity auction for a digital portrait to be printed for a gallery. I had a huge triple display (with photos, words, and everything, everything), which explains the whole process of drawing. But despite all this, people had questions about what I was doing:
“So is it not painted?”
“Not with real paint, no but it’s a painting. Just made on a computer. “But how is painting if you don’t use paint?”
“Paint is digital, colors and brushes are part of a computer program. My monitor is a tablet, so I painted right on the screen as if it were a canvas. But then how do you get it on real canvas?”
“Magic. Evil, dark magic. The computer will not draw nonsense

The basic set of skills and methods used when painting on a real canvas is really similar to those we use for digital. The type of brush and size, the amount of physical activity on the tablet itself, and even the inclination of the stylus (pen) will affect your strokes as if you are drawing on a stretched cotton canvas.
The steps in the digital painting are the same as in traditional painting: start with a sketch, decide what colors to use, outline light and shadow; continues to work on the sketch, draw all the small ones until your picture comes to “life”. This is a process that can take tens of hours, as in any other type of art. I think that the most noticeable difference between digital painting and traditional is easy error correction.

Is it a hoax?

In truth, digital art has its own tricks.
In Photoshop or similar programs, you can perform a “painter,” which allows you to draw on top of a photograph. Is this a hoax? This, I believe, depends on the perception and opinion of the viewer.
In order to achieve realism, artists can use all kinds of tricks. And artists always use the latest technology to see in which direction they should advance their work. This means being an artist. This type of digital “cheat” is available to artists of all mediums. But many are often ridiculed for their use.

Many photographers who “treat” their work using digital processing, as many believe, do it because of a lack of talent, when it comes down to the artist, you need to understand that he strives to improve the quality of his work. Why is that bad? Is it possible to simply press a couple of buttons to create images that would become food for thought? They strive to reach amazing heights because computers “helped” reduce their work.
The same goes for musicians who use digital software. The technology gave them the opportunity to add beautiful effects and use an unlimited number of individual tracks in order to provide greater scope and richness of sound. Computer programs today are the most advanced that the world has not seen before, and at the same time, musicians and artists are punished for their use. When there is technology, why not use it?

And writers have long relied on dictionaries and thesauri. For example, I have a small application that I open when I cannot find the perfect word that would be suitable for every occasion. I use this “crutch” because my little-educated little brain just didn’t get enough knowledge to remember all the intellectual terms that he had ever known? Or is it just a tool that helps me cheat in my work, exactly that self-assembled tablecloth that covers an empty table?

It doesn’t matter what tools, but it’s important which artist

As an artist, creator, you should use materials that do not raise questions from the viewer for drawing. In the end, no one blames writers for “tricking” when they use literacy testing programs.

In conclusion, I want to say that it is up to you what you invest in your work to make it a real work of art. Why should knowledge of the drawing method make a drawing less beautiful or inspiring?

Food And Its Significance In The History Of Art

Food is the foundation of our existence and has always played an important role in social and cultural life. That is why she herself and the practices of her consumption have always been reflected in art.

Today, Instagram photography, even far from a masterpiece, can tell us about how the author has money, what habits and lifestyle he has. At the same time, hidden meanings in food images are not a new phenomenon. She was invariably associated with eroticism, wealth, exoticism and allowed “to show what is hidden.”

The transfer to literature, painting and mosaic art of feasts and bacchanals took place even in Ancient Greece and Rome. And in Egypt there was a tradition to depict food on the inner walls of burial chambers and coffins: it was believed that the drawings would nourish the deceased in his “life after death.” In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the image of food acquires a symbolic character, becomes an allegory for certain values ​​and virtues.

Still life

In the 15th century, artists became increasingly inspired by the culture of Antiquity, and besides nature: still, life becomes part of the composition of paintings, religious or secular. But by the 17th century, still, life had become an independent genre in Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands.

The food was portrayed realistically, with many details. At the forefront were the Dutch and Flemish masters who depicted abundant and generous portions. They especially loved game, bird, lobster, shellfish, exotic citrus fruits, grapes. Dear delicacies symbolized the chic lifestyle with which the owner of the painting dreamed of identifying himself. But sometimes such works served as a reminder of the perishability of luxury or the danger of gluttony. Some canvases called for abstinence, others for constant celebration and pleasures. Rotting fruits, for example, could symbolize that “everything will pass” and life is fleeting.

The food helped to “freeze” the moment, slow down the flow of time, show mastery of observing real objects, masterly mastery of color and work with the form. So, Jan Vermeer went a different way than his Dutch contemporaries. In his famous painting “Milkman”, he used expensive pigments, rich colors, amazing lighting to show the simplest food milk, and bread.

Food and real life

Towards the end of the 19th century, artists began to increasingly look at the image of people who eat or socialize while sitting at the table. For example, Vincent Van Gogh’s The Potato Eaters picture is built on that. The artist in his letter to his brother Theo wrote that he was trying to show the peasants who honestly and hard work.

Other authors, such as Paul Cezanne, used still life to show the possibilities of the new art. In Still Life with Drapery, the artist intentionally distorts the perspective in order to emphasize the rejection of the outdated principles of still life construction, on which everything is shown from one angle.

The Impressionists loved to show the social aspect of sharing food, the emotions that it carries.

Food in 20th Century Art

In the XX century, artists deform lines, rethink color, sharpen images, work with the plane, which means that food loses its shape and recognition. But this is only one side of the issue. What we eat allows artists to watch a changing society.

Consumer society

In the mid-50s, artists were just as actively using food as a way to express themselves, and first of all to pay attention to thoughtless consumption and mass production. Andy Warhol criticizes homogeneous society using 32 cans of Campbell soups lined up in rows; Wayne Thibault draws cakes, symbolizing endless optimistic prosperity; Roy Lichtenstein creates a surreal “Still Life with a Crystal Bowl” on it the fruits are as if cut from a magazine, deprived of life.

Modern Art

With the advent of the movement “There is art” in the 60s, the food leaves the canvas and becomes material for creativity, the same as paper and pencil.

Food inspires people of art again and again, and this will continue as long as both exist in the world.

How To Paint Eggs For Easter: Top-20 Of The Most Interesting Ways And Natural Food Colors

According to church tradition, you need to paint eggs on the eve of Easter, on Clean Thursday, on the day when it is customary to clean the house, bathe and have a haircut. And also pysanka or krashanka is a charm and the best Easter gift to friends and relatives. That is why the question of how to paint eggs should be given maximum attention.

Useful Tips

  • So that the paint lays evenly, before boiling the eggs, wipe them with alcohol.
  • To prevent the eggs from breaking during cooking, add a few tablespoons of salt to the water.
  • And so that the eggs are easier to clean, after they are boiled, dip them in cold water for a couple of minutes.
  • If there are children in the house, avoid chemical dyes, choose only natural ones – beetroot juice, onion husks, etc. After all, dyes can penetrate into the middle of the egg and enter the body of the child.
  • If you want Easter eggs to shine after coloring, rub them with vegetable oil.

TOP 20 ways to paint eggs

1. To paint eggs with onion peel is the most famous and easiest way. We prepare the “paint” like this: boil a rather large amount of husk for half an hour, leave it behind and let the broth brew. Then put raw eggs and broth there until cooked. If you want the color darker, it means that the husks are bigger, lighter – take the husks less.

2. If you boil raw eggs with spinach or nettles, they will turn green, depending on the concentration of grass. Although, they say, it all depends on the case, it may turn out not a very beautiful color.

3. Yellow eggs are obtained by boiling them in turmeric. Purple eggs will turn out if painted in violets. You need to take violet flowers, fill them with hot water, let the solution brew and soak the eggs in it for the night. If you add a little lemon juice to the water, you get a lavender color.

4. If cooked with a walnut shell, the eggs will turn out light beige or brown.

5. Pink color can be obtained with cranberry juice. We do this: squeeze the juice, boil the eggs in it, leave it overnight.

6. Blue eggs or blue stains on them can be obtained by rubbing already boiled eggs with leaves of red cabbage.

7. Boil the eggs in ground coffee, and you will get beige or brown dyes.

8. Speckled eggs are easy to do like this: roll a wet egg in rice, buckwheat, or other cereal. Tightly wrap it in gauze, tie it tightly, cook it in any dye. You will get a cute and unusual egg.

9. To get an abstract pattern on the eggs, wrap them in onion husks and wrap in gauze, boil them in husks or any dye. Get an egg in a divorce.

10. Take the leaves of parsley and dill, wrap the egg in them, put the egg in the stocking and boil in the onion husk. You will get an egg with a beautiful pattern.

11. “Silk” dyeing is now a fashionable way to paint Easter eggs, although not entirely harmless. We take white raw eggs, wrap them in pieces of natural silk, for example, cut old ties for this. Then fasten with threads or another cloth. Cook by adding vinegar.

12. Put some rubber bands on the egg and dye it in the dye. Get an egg in stripes.

13. White patterns on the paint can be applied with powdered sugar. We take a glass of powdered sugar, add a little water to make the mixture very thick. Using a pastry syringe, we apply a pattern to boiled and painted eggs.

14. This easter egg will work out if you work a little with wax. We take an already boiled egg and a burning candle. Using a match, apply a drawing. Then we dip the egg in the paint, but not hot, otherwise the wax will melt. Not painted spots are painted, and thanks to the wax on the egg, a picture remains. Then gently scratch the wax or heat lightly on the candles and wash.

15. Scratch eggs are obtained if any pattern is applied to the paint using a needle or other sharp object.

16. You can also decorate eggs with decorative elements. For example, using thin paper strips using the quilling technique.

17. Using acrylic paints you can make speckled eggs. Just take the paints, dilute them to a liquid consistency and use a toothbrush to spray on the boiled eggs placed in the coasters. Let the paint dry and the eggs are ready. It so happens that the eggs are decorated, and harmful paint is minimally used.

18. See how beautifully you can color your eggs with Easter glaze. It turns out that it can be useful not only for Easter cakes and pasques. We take a boiled egg, a tube of glue, a bag of colored sprinkles – and go!

19. Eggs can also be painted with water-based, child-friendly markers. Or using the same colors. To do this, you need paints and a thin brush. To get the drawing neat, first draw a sketch on the boiled egg with a pencil.

20. And how do you like the idea of knitting a real costume for an Easter egg? All kinds of chickens, kittens, lambs, or, for example, a funny bunny.

And more:

Paint History

In general, paints can be defined as a combination of substances intended to change the color of an item. In human life, paints are found at every step. Without even thinking about it, we see the result of the “activity” of paint everywhere: from paintings painted by great artists to painted facades of houses and fences. Any of us, after a little thought, can name more than ten names of paints used in different areas of life.

The appearance of paints

The role of paint is difficult to overestimate. Without bright colors, the world and objects would be very boring and dull. No wonder people try to imitate nature, creating clean and rich shades. Paints have been known to mankind since primitive times.

Primitive times

Bright minerals attracted the eyes of our distant ancestors. It was then that a person guessed to grind such substances into powder and, adding some elements, receive the first in the history of paint. Colored clay was also used. The more people developed, the greater the need became to capture and transmit their knowledge. At first, walls of caves and rocks were used for this, as well as the most primitive paints. It is believed that the oldest of the discovered cave paintings are more than 17 thousand years old! At the same time, the painting of prehistoric people is quite well preserved.

Basically, the first paints were made from ferruginous natural ocher minerals. The name has Greek roots. For light shades, a pure substance was used, to obtain darker black charcoal was added to the mixture. All solids were triturated by hand between two flat stones. Then directly the paint was mixed on animal fats. Such paints fell well on the stone and did not dry out for a long time due to the peculiarities of the interaction of fat with air. The resulting coating, as mentioned earlier, was very durable and resistant to the damaging effects of the environment and time.

For cave painting, yellow ocher was used predominantly. Reddish shades were left for ritual drawings on the bodies of deceased tribal residents.

Presumably, these rituals gave the modern name to the mineral red iron ore hematite, from the Greek language translated as “blood”. Red color gives the mineral anhydrous iron oxide.

Ancient Egypt

Time passed, and humanity was discovering new types and methods of producing paints. About five thousand years ago, cinnabar appeared a mercury mineral that gives the paint a scarlet color. Cinnabar gained the most popularity among the ancient Assyrians, Chinese, and Egyptians.

The Egyptians at the dawn of the heyday of their civilization discovered the secret of making purple (violet-red) paint. Secretion was isolated from a special type of snail, which was then added to the standard composition of coloring substances.

Since ancient times, people used lime to create white paint, which is the end product of burning limestone minerals, oysters, chalk and marble. This paint was one of the cheapest and easiest to make. In addition, white lime can argue with ocher in the question of the antiquity of the recipe.

Egyptian tombs and pyramids of the pharaohs transferred from the heyday of Egyptian civilization a surprisingly beautiful and pure shade lapis lazuli, natural ultramarine. Even after several thousand years, the drawings did not lose their brightness and did not fade. The main coloring pigment in such paint is a mineral powder called lapis lazuli. In ancient Egypt, lapis lazuli was very expensive. Most often, priceless paint was used to depict the sacred symbol of the Egyptians the scarab beetle.

I must say that since ancient times, the methods of paint production have not undergone significant changes. Solids are also ground into powder, however, using special installations. Instead of natural fats, polymer substances are now used. But to obtain dark shades, soot is still used, but it has already been cleaned with modern methods.

Ancient China

Chinese civilization is palm in the making of paper. Here, behind the Great Wall of China, light watercolor paints appeared. In addition to dyes and oils, they include honey, glycerin, and sugar.

To create paintings from watercolor paints you need a suitable foundation. Canvases, wood, stones and other traditional objects on which paints are applied cannot be used for this purpose: watercolor will not lie on them well. Therefore, when drawing with watercolors, the only paper is used. This explains the fact that such paints appeared in China, which is the progenitor of paper production.

Middle Ages

The Middle Ages gave the world oil paints. Their advantage was their great durability and reliability, as well as their relatively short drying time. The basis for such paints is natural vegetable oils: nut, poppy, linseed, and others.

During the Middle Ages, people learned to apply oil paints precisely in thin layers. The resulting picture acquired due to this depth and volume. The color rendition also improved.

However, not all masters of medieval painting created their paints based on vegetable fats. Someone kneading dyes on egg white, someone on casein, which is one of the derivatives of milk.

Due to the unique features of the production of various paints, there were some historical incidents. The Last Supper, created by the famous medieval master Leonardo da Vinci, began to collapse during the life of the artist. This was because oil paints based on vegetable fats were mixed with paints based on egg white diluted in water. The chemical reaction that arose, in this case, interfered with the reliability of the coating and the preservation of the picture.

Natural components, coupled with manual production, made paints a rather expensive material. This was especially true of natural lapis lazuli. The mineral lapis lazuli used in the manufacture of ultramarine paint was imported to Europe from the Middle East. The mineral was very rare and, accordingly, expensive. Artists used lapis lazuli only when the customer of the work paid for the paint in advance.

New discoveries

The situation began to change at the beginning of the 18th century. A German chemist by the name of Diesbach was engaged in improving the quality of red paint. But once a scientist received, instead of the expected scarlet color, a shade paint very close to ultramarine. This discovery can be considered a revolution in the manufacture of paints.

The new paint was called “Prussian blue.” Its cost was many times lower than that of natural ultramarine paint. It is not surprising that Prussian blue quickly gained popularity among artists of that time.

A century later, “cobalt blue” appeared in France a paint that turned out to be even cleaner and brighter than Prussian blue. In appearance, cobalt blue appeared even closer to natural lapis lazuli.

The pinnacle of scientists and researchers in this area was the invention of an absolute analog of natural ultramarine. The new paint, which was received in France almost a quarter-century after cobalt blue, was called “French ultramarine.” Pure blue colors are now available to all artists.

However, there was one important circumstance that significantly reduced the popularity of artificial paints. The components used in their composition were often harmful or even deadly to human health.

As it was found out in the 70s of the 19th century, the emerald green paint was a particularly big threat. It included vinegar, arsenic and copper oxide indeed, a terrible mixture. There is a legend that in fact the former emperor Napoleon Bonaparte died, having been poisoned by vapors of arsenic. After all, the walls in his house, located on St. Helena, where Bonaparte was in exile, were covered with green paint.

Mass production

As already known, paints were used by cavemen when creating cave paintings. However, the mass production of paints was begun less than two centuries ago. Previously, all paints were made by hand: minerals were ground into powder, mixed with binders. Such paints did not last long. Already a day later they became unusable.

At the dawn of the development of the paint and varnish industry, both ready-to-use paints and raw materials for their manual manufacture were on sale, as many people held conservative views and made paints “the old fashioned way”. But with the development of industry and new technologies, finished paints gradually replaced manual production.

With the development of the paint industry, paints became better and safer to use.

Many harmful substances for example, arsenic and lead, which were part of cinnabar and red minium, respectively were replaced by less dangerous synthetic components.

Inorganic substances give the paint resistance to destruction, and also help maintain the brightness of the color due to the constant composition, which is important in the manufacture of paint on an industrial scale.

However, recently the demand for natural paints has returned. Most likely, this is due to their environmental friendliness and safety due to the natural components included in the composition. The transition to environmentally friendly technologies is due to the general environmental situation on the planet.